PRINTMAKING TERMS --
VOCAB TEST ON MONDAY, 5-15-17
- BRAYER A small, hand-held rubber roller used to spread printing ink evenly on a surface before printing.
- BAREN A round, smooth pad, either flat or slightly convex, used to press paper against an inked wood or linoleum block to lift an impression from the block.
- BENCH HOOK A metal or wooden plate with a raised edge on each end (opposite sides) to hold a woodcut or linocut in place on a table while cutting.
- BLOCK In printing, a piece of thick, flat material, with a design on its surface, used to print repeated impressions of that design.
- PRINT The actual picture the artist makes from a printmaking process.
- PRINTMAKING The process of designing and producing prints using a printing block, woodcut, etching, lithographic, or screen printing.
- TRIAL PROOF an impression of a print pulled prior to the regular, published edition of the print for purposes of making corrections.
- EDITION A set of identical prints, that are numbered and signed. This set of prints have been pulled by or under the supervision of the artist and are authorized for distribution.
- GOUGE In relief printing, a tool for clearing non-image areas from a block of wood or linoleum.
- IMPRESSION NUMBER The number of a print in an edition. The first three prints in an edition 10 would be 1/10, 2/10, 3/10 etc.
- INK Coloring material usually thicker than most paints, and has a slower drying rate.
- LINOLEUM PRINT A type of relief print in which the image is cut into a piece of linoleum.
- REGISTRATION Adjustment of separate blocks or paper in color printing to ensure correct alignment of the colors.
- RELIEF PRINT one whose image is printed from a design raised on the surface of a block.
- WOODCUT The most important relief process, in which the image or design is cut out of a woodblock.